Under the expert supervision of two medical microbiologists, assisted by four experienced and skilled medical laboratory technologists, the Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology of Islamabad Diagnostic Centre offers State-of-the-Art diagnostic solutions for major infectious disease problems faced by the health care providers in this region.
Culture & Anti-Microbial Drug Susceptibility
Besides the routine culture and sensitivity of common pathogens involved in common infections, both hospital acquired as well as community acquired, IDC offers a comprehensive high-tech diagnostic service for Viral Hepatitis (Hepatitis A, B, C and E), Tuberculosis, Salmonellosis (Typhoid), Water-borne Diseases, Sexually Transmitted Infections including HIV/AIDS and common Fungal infections.
In spite of tremendous advances in medical science, precise and early diagnosis of tuberculosis continues to be a major clinical and public health problem in our health care set-up.
IDC has accepted the challenge of providing a rapid, reliable and cost effective diagnosis of both active and latent tuberculosis.
The current range of TB diagnostics at IDC includes:
Blood culture is performed on BACTECTM 9050 – a unique high performance blood culture system based on fluorescent sensor technology which ensures shorter reporting time – average 12 hours for preliminary report, coupled with highest recovery of pathogens (>85%) and 25% more positives on day 1, along with optimal neutralization of antibiotics in blood culture sample even if the patient is taking antibiotics.
Besides, IDC is probably one of the very few laboratories in Pakistan which offers antifungal drug susceptibility testing against Candidainfections.
Quality Assurance: Authenticity of microbiological investigations at IDC is ensured by a strict internal quality assurance program which is supplemented by regular participation in the National External Quality Assurance Program (NEQAAP) being run countrywide by the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology Rawalpindi.
For the initial diagnosis of viral hepatitis, IDC offers highly sensitive and specific assays (Abbott MEIA) for all the major types of viral hepatitis including Hepatitis A (IgG and IgM), Hepatitis B complete profile (HBsAg and Ab, anti-HBc total and IgM, HBeAg and Ab), Hepatitis C Ab and the water- born Hepatitis E (IgG and IgM).
Hepatitis B and C, the most serious forms of viral hepatitis, not only affect millions of people in our country but have also the tendency to become chronic, leading to serious long term sequelae including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Since both are now virtually treatable in a vast majority of patients, both require molecular diagnosis by PCR, qualitative as well as quantitative to assess the viral load (HBV-DNA and HCV- RNA). With the recent introduction of highly effective oral therapy using Directly Acting Antivirals (DAAs), genotyping, particularly of HCV, has assumed crucial importance. IDC feels privileged to offer one of the best Real Time PCR services for molecular diagnosis of HBV and HCV:-
Quality Assurance: Authenticity of Virological investigations at IDC is ensured by a strict internal quality assurance program which is supplemented by regular participation in the Randox International Quality Assessment Scheme (RIQAS) and College of American Pathologist (CAP) Proficiency Testing.
IDC offers reliable diagnostic services for the infections including HIV/AIDS, Rubella, Herpes simplex (HSV), Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Dengue etc.