Diabetes Causes and Symptoms in Pakistan

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Diabetes Causes and Symptoms

Understanding Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms and Management 

In today’s fast-paced world, the prevalence of diabetes has surged, making it one of the most common chronic diseases. Diabetes, characterized by high blood sugar levels, can have severe implications for one’s health if not managed effectively. With a deep understanding of  Diabetes Causes and Symptoms, individuals can take proactive measures to lead a healthy life despite this condition. As Pakistan grapples with the challenges posed by diabetes, Islamabad Diagnostic Centre (IDC) remains at the forefront, actively engaged in diabetes awareness campaigns nationwide and providing comprehensive diagnostic services tailored to the needs of the local population.


Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. People with type 1 diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes: This is the most common type of diabetes, often associated with lifestyle factors like obesity and physical inactivity. In type 2 diabetes, the body either resists the effects of insulin or doesn’t produce enough insulin to maintain normal glucose levels.

Gestational Diabetes: This type occurs in some women during pregnancy, causing high blood sugar levels that can affect both the mother and the baby. Although it usually resolves after childbirth, it poses risks for both the mother and the child during pregnancy.


Diabetes Causes and Symptoms

The causes of diabetes are multifaceted:

Genetic Predisposition: Family history plays a significant role in developing type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Lifestyle Factors: Sedentary lifestyles, unhealthy eating habits, and obesity significantly contribute to type 2 diabetes.

Autoimmune Factors: Type 1 diabetes is believed to have an autoimmune component where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.

The signs and symptoms of diabetes can vary, but some of the most common ones include:

  • Excessive thirst and hunger
  • Frequent
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Blurred vision urination
  • Slow-healing sores or frequent infections
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet


Recognizing these signs is crucial in seeking timely medical intervention.


Diagnostic Tests at IDC:

IDC offers an array of diagnostic tests designed to facilitate accurate and timely diabetes screenings. These tests include:

Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT): Measures the body’s response to glucose intake and aids in the diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes.

Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) Test: Provides a comprehensive overview of the average blood sugar levels over the past few months, enabling effective diabetes management.

Lipid Profile Test: Evaluates lipid levels and aids in assessing the risk of cardiovascular complications associated with diabetes.

Urine Microalbumin Test: Detects early signs of kidney damage, a common complication in individuals with diabetes. require insulin injections for the rest of their lives to regulate their blood sugar levels.


IDC’s commitment to providing advanced diagnostic services underscores its dedication to promoting early detection and proactive management of diabetes.


Management of Diabetes:

Managing diabetes is crucial for leading a healthy life. Some effective management strategies include:

Diabetes Medications: Insulin injections, oral medications, and other medications may be prescribed to manage blood sugar levels effectively.

Healthy Diet: A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins and low in saturated fats, sugars, and refined carbohydrates can help regulate blood sugar levels.

Regular Exercise: Regular physical activity helps improve insulin sensitivity and regulate blood sugar levels.

Blood Glucose Monitoring: Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels and periodic check-ups with healthcare providers can help manage diabetes effectively.


The Role of Islamabad Diagnostic Centre (IDC) in Diabetes Management:

The Islamabad Diagnostic Centre (IDC) plays a very important role in helping people with diabetes. They do this by providing many different tests to find diabetes early and help control it. IDC also helps people learn about diabetes through campaigns and educational programs. This helps people get checked for diabetes early and make healthy changes to their lifestyle.

Additionally, IDC works with pharmaceutical companies to offer good and affordable medicines for diabetes. This makes it easier for people in Pakistan to get the right treatment. IDC is also involved in research to find new and better ways to treat diabetes. They believe in using proven methods to manage diabetes.

By finding diabetes early and educating people, IDC is doing its part to fight against diabetes and make society healthier and more informed.


For an appointment and to get this service:

Call Now Book an Appointment IDC Locations

Please call Patient Services Department at
UAN # : 051-111-000-432

Disclaimer: Every diagnostic test has scientific acceptable technology or technique based limitations of uncertainty of measurement, false positive or false negative and so do not fall under the domain of negligence. In case of any such scenario, we offer free repeat of test within 24-48 hours.

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